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"Every child should have mud pies, grasshoppers, waterbugs, tadpoles, frogs & turtles, elderberries, wild strawberries, acorns, hickory nuts, trees to climb, animals to pet, hayfields, pine cones, rocks to roll, sand, snakes, huckleberries and hornets – and any child who has been deprived of these has been deprived of the best part of his education." -Luther Burbank 1849 - 1926
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california native plants are poppies for wildflowers and native plant ecosystem

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Gardening and Landscaping with Common Native & Naturalized Plants
of Southern California Uplands

Native plants vary by the landscape.You'll find very different habitat -- both plants and soil/rocks in valleys vs. hilltops; coastal edges vs. mountain slopes.

General characteristics of upland vegetation in Los Angeles County include three main habitats, walnut savannah, oak-walnut-toyon woodland, and coastal sage scrub.

Walnut savannas are relatively simple with large trees growing in clumps surrounded by grasses.

Woodlands are often diverse, with large shrubs, grasses and wildflowers in the understory.

Coastal sage scrub habitats have sandy soil and are populated more by shrubs and small flowering plants and grasses. Very few trees grow in these sandy areas. Coastal sage scrub species have adapted to an ecosystem that rarely freezes in the winter and rarely experience temperatures over 90F degrees during the dry California summer. Most of this habitat has been developed, and only a few pockets of native habitat remain.

COMMON CALIFORNIA NATIVE AND NATURALIZED PLANTS

SHRUBS

Lemonadeberry
Sugarbush
Laurel Sumac
Poison Oak
Indian Milkweed
Narrow-leaf Milkweed
California Sagebrush
Mugwort
Coyotebush
Mulefat
California Brickellbush
California Encelia
Palmer's Goldenbush
Fleabane Aster
Golden Yarrow
Green Everlasting
White Everlasting
Saw-toothed Goldenbush
Slender Tarplant
Telegraph Weed
Coast Goldenbush
California-aster
Cliff-aster
Wand Chicory

TREES

Coast Live Oak
Golden Currant
Fuchsia-flowered Gooseberry
White Fir
Torrey Pine
Yellow Pine
Tecate Cypress
California Juniper
Western Juniper
Western Sycamore
Bigleaf Maple
Box Elder
California Black Walnut
Valley Oak
California Black Oak
White Alder
Quaking Aspen
Fremont Cottonwood
Arroyo Willow
California Buckeye
Mexican or Blue Elderberry
Califronia Ash
Desert Ironwood
Mountain Dogwood
For more native trees, check: CalFlora for photos and further information.

VINES

Chaparral Honeysuckle
Blue Elderberry
Creeping Snowberry
Morning-glory
Calabazilla
Wild Cucumber, Man-root
Dodder
Doveweed
California False-Indigo
Deerweed
Arroyo Lupine
Vicia sp.
Vetch sp.

FLOWERS and GRASSES

Caterpillar Phacelia
Sticky Phacelia
Yellow-throated Phacelia
Blue Fiesta Flower
California Black Walnut
Black Sage
White Sage
California Hedge Nettle
Wishbone Bush
Farewell-to-spring
Elegant Clarkia
California Fuchsia
California Poppy
Western Sycamore
Buckwheat
Miner's-lettuce
California Buttercup
California Coffeeberry
Holly-leaved Redberry
Toyon
Holly-leaved Cherry
California Wild Rose
Narrow-leaved Bedstraw
Goosegrass
Bush Monkeyflower
Penstemon
Jimsonweed
White Nightshade
Western Pellitory
Hoary Nettle
Verbena lasiostachys
Golden Stars
Wild Hyacinth
Blue-eyed Grass
California Brome
Giant Ryegrass
Blue Ryegrass
Coast Melic
Purple Needlegrass
Cattail
Sago Pondweed

For more details, check the wonderful information at Deb's Park with the nature programs provided by Audubon California: www.audubon-ca.org

For more articles about California Nature

California Beach Communities
Common Native Plants of Southern California Uplands
Natural Los Angeles Resources
Common Native Wildlife of Southern California
Common Native Birds of Southern California
Attracting California birds with native plants
Los Angeles Urban Forest
There's a Park Near You in Los Angeles
News about the SoCal Environment
Least Terns Preserve on the LA Beach
Visiting California Beach Communities - An Overview
Los Angeles Area Nature Link List