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Avian Flu - Update for US nature lovers
The following information from the Wild Bird Feeding Industry (WBFI) does a good job of giving you the facts.
Avian Flu not a danger for bird watchers or feeders in North America22 October 2005, Sioux Falls, SD - Consumers who enjoy watching and feeding backyard birds are not in danger of contracting the Avian Flu, according to Dr. David Bonter of the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology.
"The spread of the H5N1 strain of the flu across Asia and Europe is certainly a cause for concern. However, there has not been a documented case of the H5N1 strain in wild birds in North America. There is no need to be concerned about feeding birds," he stated.
Rob Fergus, Science Coordinator with the National Audubon Science Office, concurred with the Cornell findings. "The wild birds most likely to harbor or spread avian influenza are ducks and other waterfowl, often referred to as wild birds. There is a distinction between wild waterfowl, and the wild birds at our feeders," he said. "At this point in time, there is no evidence humans are at serious risk of contracting avian flu from backyard birds or bird feeding."
The Wild Bird Feeding Industry recognizes consumers may be concerned about the possibility of contracting H5N1 from their backyard feeders. "Human infections have occurred in people who have been closely associated with infected poultry. Not the wild birds at the feeder," noted Susan Hays, Executive Director of the WBFI.
The World Health Organization, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and numerous other international organizations are closely monitoring the spread and transmission of the H5N1 strain of influenza. "There is an overwhelming amount of information available on the web, and it's good that consumers stay informed," Steve Runnels, President/CEO of the American Birding Association stated. "This is becoming a conservation issue, and we encourage consumers here in North America to continue to feed their backyard birds."
Wild birds accustomed to finding their favorite seed at the feeder need not be disappointed, especially with the onset of winter weather. "Base your feeding decisions on facts, not fears," said Tom Franklin, Conservation Director with the Izaak Walton League of America. "Outdoor enthusiasts and bird feeders should continue to enjoy their activities. But remember to use common sense. Cleanliness and sanitation should be maintained at all times, whether you're a feeder or outdoor sportsman. Keep feeding areas and feeders clean, following the recommendations of the '6 Steps' program created by WBFI and other birding associations."
Franklin's reference to the '6 Steps to turn your yard into a sanctuary for birds' is a tip sheet for feeders and includes information on maintaining healthy feeder stations. Fourteen organizations contributed to the development of the material, and it is available free to the public at www.backyardbirdcare.org.
A portion of the literature reads 'Keep feed and feeding areas clean. To help reduce the possibility of disease transmission in birds, clean feeders and feeding areas at least once a month. Plastic and metal feeders can go in the dishwasher, or rinse these and other styles with a 10% solution of bleach and warm water. Scrub birdbaths with a brush and replace water every three to five days to discourage mosquito reproduction. Rake up and dispose of seed hulls under feeders. Moving feeders periodically helps prevent the buildup of waste on the ground. Keep seed and foods dry; discard food that smells musty, is wet or looks moldy. Hummingbird feeders should be cleaned every three to five days, or every other day in warm weather. It's good hygiene to wash your hands after filling or cleaning feeders.'
"Again, it's the common sense approach to all possible infectants, not just the avian flu," said Paul Baicich of the National Wildlife Refuge Association. "Bottom line: H5N1 has pandemic potential, but it is not a pandemic virus. The situation is worthy of concern, but not panic."
North American birding associations include many trained ornithologists and biologists on staff, and these professionals are closely monitoring the avian flu situation. Consumers are encouraged to visit the following organizations for updated information:
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology
For more articles about BIRDS, BIRDS, BIRDS!Bird Profiles for Young Natguralists
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White Breasted Nuthatch