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Flood-Proof Your Family, Home and Business
I lived in one of the top flood prone regions of the United States. Tulsa, Oklahoma was inundated by floods both by the Arkansas River and Mingo Creek. Both became federal disaster areas. What I learned by working in community organizing at that time is that the best protection from flooding (that can be caused by storms, broken dams, broken levees, winter thaws, etc.) is a two-prong safety strategy.
And those are not simple tasks...nor complete solutions. Nature is a powerful force and when combined with decades of massive building projects by humans, the outcome puts the risk on you and your family.
Smaller Homes, Greater SafetyIt seems to me that we need to adopt a new philosophy: "smaller homes, greater safety." The cost can stay the same...the priorities need to shift. No longer can be depend on 100-year flood planning to be sufficient. We need to go to 150-year levels in many areas. Why? Because weather patterns are changing. Because continued development increases flood levels. Because we know now what we did not know 10 years ago.
Flood Resources and OrganizationsHere is a list of agencies and organizations that focus on disaster preparedness and prevention ... as well as recovery. You might want to educate yourself about what is smart prevention strategy ... and what is available after the fact.
Floods are one of the most common hazards in the United States. Flood effects can be local, impacting a neighborhood or community, or very large, affecting entire river basins and multiple states.
However, all floods are not alike. Some floods develop slowly, sometimes over a period of days. But flash floods can develop quickly, sometimes in just a few minutes and without any visible signs of rain. Flash floods often have a dangerous wall of roaring water that carries rocks, mud, and other debris and can sweep away most things in its path. Overland flooding occurs outside a defined river or stream, such as when a levee is breached, but still can be destructive. Flooding can also occur when a dam breaks, producing effects similar to flash floods.
Be aware of flood hazards no matter where you live, but especially if you live in a low-lying area, near water or downstream from a dam. Even very small streams, gullies, creeks, culverts, dry streambeds, or low-lying ground that appear harmless in dry weather can flood. Every state is at risk from this hazard.
Before a FloodTo prepare for a flood, you should:
WATER EMERGENCY ASSOCIATIONS
FEDERAL LAND MANAGEMENT AGENCIES